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Difference between Emotional Support Dogs, PTSD, Therapy and Service Dogs


Emotional Support, PTSD, Therapy and Service Dogs: Which is What is Which?!?

You have probably heard each of these terms by now, but did you know that each term
signifies a different kind of dog with a different kind of training and is meant for a different
kind of work?

That’s right. A therapy dog does a completely different kind of work than a service dog and
they both have a different kind of training than an emotional support dog has.
Let’s look a bit closer into this.

Emotional Support Dogs

emotional support animalEmotional support dogs don’t necessarily need much specialized training apart from their basic commands. These dogs are meant to give social support in times of stress for their owners, specifically in the home or while travelling on a flight. These dogs must remain calm with a gentle demeanor at all times in order to handle the stress of every day living or, worse yet, while flying. But as long as this pooch can do that then she/he is a winner. As long as they can do that, they are a capable of doing their job.

Emotional Support dogs need to be able to handle a lot of stress at any one time. Maybe not
so much at home (depending on the home life of the owner), but definitely while flying. First
of all, there are all those other passengers trying to board, just like you are. But also there is
a lot of stress during the flight.

If an Emotional Support dog is used to having a lot of room, room to stretch their legs, room
to get up and move around, and room to generally just live.

On a flight, there is no room! There is no room for the Service Animal to stretch their legs.
There is no room to get up and move around. And there is no room to generally just live.
Instead, Fido-the-Emotional-Support-Dog will have to just deal with that lack of room. But
remember yourself how difficult this lack of room can be… The very last time you were on a
flight didn’t you, yourself, have difficulty finding room to stretch out your legs? To find room to
just move around?

Now imagine you and two other passengers AND your Emotional Support dog all trying to
cramp yourself all into the tiny three seats provided for you all.
Because the airline doesn’t provide an extra seat just because you’ve brought along your
Emotional Support pooch with you.

That is just the tip of the iceberg of the types of stresses that your Emotional Support dog will
encounter that the other types of dogs are unlikely to have to come to terms with.



ptsd-dogPTSD dogs are supremely suited to dealing with the effects of PTSD and its particular way
of manifesting. For example, they have been trained that when their owners have a flashback to nuzzle their head into their owner’s hands or lap and to try to distract their owner from whatever is occurring in their mind. This is an incredible task they must perform, 
because PTSD flashbacks are sometimes terrifying, always draining and mostly brought on, when the owner is least expecting it. For example, an owner might watch a television scene without knowing that an upcoming scene will contain graphic material that will send them careening into a flashback. They have no time to prepare. They have no sense it is coming. And their response is automatic, unable to be controlled by themselves.

The dog, on the other hand, is highly tuned to their master and at the very onset of the
flashback the dog will leap into action, trying their best to distract their owner.
A PTSD dog is just another type of Service dog, which we will look at next.

Service Dogs

service dogA Service Dog is a dog which has been extensively trained — usually up to two years — to
work with a disabled human, helping them to do tasks they might otherwise not be able to
perform on their own.

There are numerous types of Service Dogs, one of which we have already met — the PTSD
Dog. There are also Mobility Dogs (they help people with mobility problems like standing,
getting up from a chair, and walking), Hearing Dogs (which alert a deaf person to sounds
they cannot hear like a horn blowing, the telephone ringing or when someone is at the door),
Seeing Eye Dogs (yes, they are a specialized type of Service Dog) and many more.
Service Dogs need a lot more training than the other types of helping dogs. Since they are
permitted into any type of public access space whether it be a park, a theater or a
restaurant, they must behave impeccably in all situations.

For example, they must not beg at neighboring tables for scraps of food in a restaurant. How
would you feel if the dog accompanying the party of four beside you spent the whole time
you were eating your meal begging for your filet mignon? Or even your messy hamburger?
Would you enjoy that dinner? I know I wouldn’t. For that reason and many more Service
Dogs must be impeccably trained.

Most Service Dogs are trained by outside organizations. It is very difficult for an individual
with no training background (or no intensive background in dog training) to train their own
puppy into being an exemplary Service Dog. It takes great skill and fortitude and passion to
train a dog so completely. Most laymen don’t have the necessary skills to do this.

Therapy Dogs

therapy dogA Therapy Dog is a different kettle of fish altogether.

Therapy Dogs are animals with s particularly calm and appealing temperament who is
brought into doctors’ offices, schools for the disabled and other such places in order to calm,
please and emotionally support the patients who are being attended to in that facility.

Therapy Dogs have no specialized training excepting their basic commands such as sit,
stay, roll over and other such commands. They do not need to learn how to handle moments
of stress apart from daily living. Their job is not a particularly stressful job, but they must not
be aggressive in any way.

In Conclusion


All four of these types of dogs (three, really, because the PTSD dog is just another type of
Service dog) need training, though the amount and kind really depends upon the job the dog
is intended for as well as the emotional nature of the dog itself. But they each do a distinctly
different type of work for a different type of person.

They key important factor to know, however, is that they each perform a job that is vital to
the way we work and the way we live.

Darren M. Jorgensen

Darren M. Jorgensen

About Post Author

Darren M. Jorgensen has a fondness for all animals, though dogs especially, have a huge home in his heart. He enjoys quilting, making handcrafted soap and bodyworks and anything that produces practical products. Jorgensen lives with his own service dog who doubles as an Emotional Support Animal. He gets it.

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